Gladiolus plamtart always looks bright and spectacular in any garden. This huge magnificent flower is a sign of nobility, friendship and devotion. If he receives the right care, it will become not only an excellent decoration for the garden, but also an excellent material for cutting.
Origin of flower
The birthplace of gladioli is the territory of the subtropics in the Mediterranean, Africa, and Southern Europe. This is a perennial tuberous plant.
The height of gladioli is from 50 to 140 cm. Their stem is without branches, straight. Plants have xiphoid long, narrow leaves wrapping the stem. This makes it more durable. Flowers are often collected in inflorescences resembling an ear of corn. Funnel-shaped flowers are located on one or on both sides of the ear. Brown seeds of a rounded plant. The fruit is a tricuspid box.
Gladiolus due to the shape of the leaves, resembling a sword or rapier, is called fencer. The name of the flower has Latin roots. It was born from the word "gladius", that is, "sword". In ancient Rome, the skewer was considered the flower of gladiators.
To date, about 200 species of plants have been bred. They are classified by flower diameter. In total, 5 classes of gladioli are distinguished:
- over 14 cm - gigantic;
- from 11 to 14 cm - large-flowered;
- from 9 to 11 cm - medium flowering;
- from 6 to 9 cm - finely colored;
- less than 6 cm - miniature.
By color, gladioli are divided into 30 species. Flowers can be of various shades:
- black ones.
Early varieties bloom in July, late varieties in September.
Description of gladiolus plamtart
Skewer Plamtart refers to large-flowered plants. It grows to 120 cm. The plant has flowers with a diameter of 12 to 15 cm. They form a wide inflorescence. This variety has flower petals with a velvety surface. At the edges they are slightly corrugated. Plumtart blooms profusely, but once.
Growing a skewer
For noble Plamtart plants to be healthy and pleasing to the eye, you need to know the features of their planting.
A site for growing gladioli should be selected in a sunny place. It should not stagnate moisture and cold air. The beds are recommended to be located from east to west.
Bulbs are planted in the ground when it warms up to + 10 ° C (usually planting falls at the end of spring). In bulbs planted in moist soil at low air temperatures, the root system begins to form quickly. This favors the development of the plant and its excellent flowering.
Any cultivated land is suitable for growing a skewer. Neutral and slightly acidic loams or sandy loams are most suitable. If the soil is clay, it is advised to add sand. In the autumn, up to 7 kg of humus, 35 g of potassium salt and 70 g of superphosphate per 1 m² are added before digging. In the spring, up to 40 g of nitrate is introduced. Good results are given by the introduction of wood ash.
Fresh organics can be added 1-2 years before planting. Otherwise, the plants will throw away a lot of leaves, and flowering will be weak.
To prevent gladioli from catching a disease, they should not be constantly planted in the same place. It is best to place them where garlic, cucumbers or onions grew before them. It is undesirable to plant gladioli in areas with phlox and asters, as they can become infected with fungal ailments.
Planting and caring for gladioli (video)
Bulb preparation and planting
Before planting, corms need to be examined to get rid of the sick and damaged. If there are problem areas, then they must be cleaned and covered with powdered coal.
The best for planting are spherical bulbs with a diameter of 3 to 5 cm. Corms larger than 5 cm with a wide bottom are considered old and unsuitable for planting. To prevent the variety from becoming obsolete, it must be rejuvenated every 5 years. Spent bulbs should be replaced with new kids. They form on an old bulb.
In order for gladioli to grow and bloom more quickly, it is customary to germinate them before planting.
To do this, in the second half of March, the bulbs are laid out in a warm dark place. If they are left in the world, then they will begin to grow too actively.
Two days before planting, bulbs with sprouts are recommended to be put on a damp cloth. This procedure will help to germinate small roots. Before planting, the bulbs are placed for 0.5 h in a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate.
Corms are planted to a depth of 10 to 15 cm. The planting depth directly depends on the size of the bulbs: the larger they are, the deeper they need to be planted. The distance between the gladioli Plamtart should be within 12 cm. The skewer is planted in open ground for a month from the second half of April. Bulbs can be planted at intervals of 14 days to increase the flowering period.
Preparing gladioli bulbs for planting (video)
How to care for a skewer
Only proper care for gladioli plamtart will help to obtain magnificent and luxurious inflorescences. To do this, it is important to keep the area clean and regularly feed. They consist of three phases:
- Fertilizers containing nitrogen are added when the plant has 2-3 leaves.
- Top dressing with nitrogen and potassium (in a ratio of 1: 2) is added after the appearance of 5-6 leaves.
- The plant needs fertilizers with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus (in a ratio of 1: 1: 2) after the appearance of the peduncle.
The roots of the skewer can reach 50 cm. Therefore, after the emergence of seedlings, it is required to begin intensive irrigation (up to 15 liters per 1 m²). In order to prevent fungal ailments, watering should be carried out in sunny weather. Plants should dry before sunset. To water in a minimum amount fell on the foliage, it is better to water on the grooves in the aisles.
After each watering, it is required to loosen the soil between the rows. This will prevent the formation of crusts, help maintain moisture in the ground.
Corms must be dug up in late September or early October. They are stored in boxes with holes at a temperature of 4 to 10 ° C and humidity up to 70%.