The greatest demand for modern gardeners are apple trees, as well as pears and cherries. However, out of fruit trees, it is the apple tree that holds the leading position. The fruits of this plant contain a large number of substances useful to the human body. One apple can quite easily replace a certain amount of other products by the quantitative and qualitative composition of vitamins.
When choosing an apple tree variety for a garden, you should familiarize yourself with its description and features and give preference to zoned fruit tree seedlings.
The apple tree "Uslada" is one of the varieties that were obtained by the famous breeder and successor I. V. Michurin S. I. Isaev. In the course of breeding, various wild and cultural varieties were crossed. The base varieties were Narodnoye and the famous Severyanka. As a result of painstaking work, a new variety was obtained. Twenty years ago, it was zoned for the central regions of our country.
Fruit trees of the Uslada variety have successfully passed many years of testing. As a result, it was possible to prove the excellent winter hardiness of the plant. This apple tree calmly tolerates high humidity in the summer. In addition, the fruit trees of this variety are very resistant to scab lesions.
The main advantages of the grade "Uslada" are:
- winter hardiness tested and proven during testing;
- resistance to lesion by scab;
- very early and plentiful annual fruiting;
- very tasty dessert fruits with a high content of vitamins;
- attractive appearance of fruits;
- a sufficiently long shelf life of the harvested crop.
Variety "Uslada" is ideal for cultivation for commercial purposes. Its disadvantages include a certain non-uniformity of ripened fruits, which can be observed in conditions of significant thickening of the tree crown. Carrying out regular and competent pruning can almost completely eliminate this problem.
Fruit trees of the Uslada variety are of the semi-dwarf type. Mature trees are low, and caring for them is not difficult, which is also an advantage of the variety.
Autumn varieties of apple trees (video)
Apple tree description
Trees varieties "Uslada" grow relatively low. The standard height of the plants is about three meters. A feature of the crown of young apple trees is a rounded shape. In the process of growing a plant, the shape of the crown changes from rounded to oval.
Apple trees of the Uslada variety are prone to thickening branches, which requires very careful and competent pruning. Violation of the requirements for the formation of the crown can provoke the formation of different sized fruits.
Apple trees grown from seedlings begin to bear fruit in the fourth or fifth year after planting. Productivity is regular and plentiful. Sizes of apples can range from medium to large enough. Standard weight ranges from 100 to 130 grams. When cultivated on well-fertilized and fertile soils, the mass of one apple can reach 170 grams. Ripe fruits have a rounded shape with some ovality and a complete absence of ribs.
The peel on the fruit is smooth and not too thick. The main color of the surface of the fruit is greenish with yellow. Ripe apples have a bright raspberry blush that covers almost the entire fruit. Wide blurring of the streaks of blush may be observed. Subcutaneous points are clearly distinguishable, and the apple flesh under the skin quite often acquires a pinkish tint. The main part of the pulp is white. Petioles are very durable and hold fruit well until harvest.
Apples varieties "Uslada" can be classified as dessert. Ripe fruits have a pleasant sweet and sour taste and a light raspberry aroma. The pulp of ripened fruits is tender and very juicy, characterized by high density and fine-grained structure.
The fruits of the apple "Delight" belong to the category of universal use. Ripe apples of this variety can be consumed and stored fresh, as well as used for the preparation of various billets for long-term storage.
In addition to excellent taste, the fruits of the variety "Uslada" are characterized by many useful properties, which are due to the high levels of vitamins, as well as pectin and sugars. It should be noted that the amount of vitamin C in these apples is two times higher than the average values characteristic of other varieties.
The fruits of the variety "Uslada" are recommended for baby food, and are also included in the diet.
We also offer you to learn about the varietal features of Champion apple trees.
Features of planting and care
The timing of planting an apple tree depends on the climatic and weather characteristics of the area where the cultivation of these fruit trees is planned. For gardens of the Non-Black Earth Region, it is preferable to plant seedlings at the very beginning of spring. In Ukraine, the optimal landing dates are the last decade of September or the beginning of October. Landing in the northern regions of our country, as well as in the Urals and Siberia, is recommended much earlier.
Most gardeners prefer to plant "Uslada" apple trees in the fall. It is during this period that sufficient moisture is observed, which is necessary for the safe and proper development of the root system of seedlings. In this case, the root part has time to grow stronger before the start of the growing season.
How to prune a young apple tree (video)
Apple trees "Uslada" belong to varieties, the main stage of fruit ripening which occurs in late August and September. Harvested a little immature, the crop lies very well until mid-winter, but requires compliance with all conditions in the store. Fully ripened apples are best consumed within a month after harvest.