Almost every gardener grows an apple tree on his plot, both experienced and beginner. Description of the various varieties of this fruit tree allows you to choose the best option that meets any request. In addition, the description helps to check the adaptability of the variety to specific cultivation conditions.
Apple Variety Essentials
Gloucester ("Gloster") - apple variety of German breeding late winter ripening. The species was bred in Germany in the post-war period as a result of hybridization of Glockenapfel varieties. ("Glockenapfel") and Richard Delicious ("Richard delicious").
Gloucester fruit trees are popular in Western Europe. The variety has successfully passed the initial and production tests in Ukraine.
The plant is used in industrial and private horticultural farms. The variety is in great demand in the gardens of the steppe and forest-steppe zones, as well as in the southern zone of Polesye. On the territory of Russia apple trees "Gloucester" can often be found in the southern regions.
Apple trees "Gloucester" can be attributed to the category of vigorous plants with a fast growth rate. The tree crown is characterized by medium thickening and a pyramidal or highly oval shape. As the plant grows, the crown becomes round. Skeletal branches form sharp corners with the stem. The end of the branches rushes up.
The apple tree buds have a high level of excitability and the ability to shoot formation below average. Fruiting is mixed.
Blossoming of the apple tree occurs in mid-late periods and lasts quite a long time. Inflorescences are formed of three or four flowers. Pollen viability indices range from 30% to 80%. Free pollination contributes to the setting of no more than 18% of the fruit. In the presence of pollinators, this indicator increases to 26%. The best pollinators for the Gloucester apple tree are represented by the varieties Idared, Jonathan, Gala, James Greave and Spartan.
The fruits formed on apple trees of the Gloucester variety are characterized by a rather large size. The standard average weight of one apple is about 150 grams. Proper care and compliance with all agricultural requirements allows you to get fruits weighing about 200 grams.
The rounded shape of the fruit may have some ribbing, which is most pronounced on the apical part of the apples. The main color of the fruit is usually light yellow, and the integumentary type of color is expressed on almost the entire surface of the ripened fruit in the form of raspberry red, somewhat blurred blush.
The peel of the fruit is quite strong, characterized by smoothness, gloss, elasticity and has an average thickness over the entire area of the fruit. The hypodermic points are bright, clearly visible and numerous. The peduncle is most often average in thickness and length. The seed material is medium in size and oval in shape.
Krupnomer of the apple tree “Gloucester” (video)
Chemical composition and application
The fruits of the apple tree "Gloucester" are beautiful, recumbent and taste good. The pulp of apples has a light greenish coloration at the picking stage, during the period of consumer maturity it is light cream. The pulp is dense, has a pleasant, sweet and sour taste, juicy and very tender. The tasting scale characterizes the Gloucester variety at 4.5 points.
The chemical composition of apple fruits of this variety does not differ too much from similar indicators of other varieties of this fruit tree, demonstrating high levels of nutrients.
The energy values of the Gloucester fruit are as follows:
- protein content of 0.4 grams or ~ 2 kcal;
- fat content of 0.4 grams or ~ 4 kcal;
- carbohydrate content of 9.8 grams or ~ 39 kcal.
The energy ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the pulp of apples of this variety is 3%: 8%: 83%.
Features of planting and care
Under the conditions of application of the mid-root stock MM-106, the fruiting stage of apple trees belonging to the Gloucester cultivar enters the fourth year after vaccination. When using a dwarf stock, the tree is capable of bearing fruit already in the third year of development. Fruiting is characterized by regularity. In each subsequent year, the yield of trees of this variety gradually increases. The highest recorded yield intensity is formed in the tenth year of growth and development. A ten-year-old apple tree of this variety is capable of producing about 70 kilograms of fruit. Dwarf rootstocks are characterized by the highest efficiency of the productivity potential.
The winter hardiness of the Gloucester variety is relatively high. Resistance to powdery mildew is very high, and to scab pathogens is medium.
Ripening occurs in late September. To fully reveal the taste, apples should lie down for a short time. The period of consumer use begins with the first of January. With proper storage, the collected fruits can lie until February. When stored in the refrigerator, the period is extended to the last days of April. The transportability parameters of fruits of this variety are very high.
How to properly direct the growth of skeletal branches of an apple tree (video)
As a rule, the main purpose of Gloucester apples is to use them fresh. So apples will bring the greatest benefit.