Winter is a rather harsh time in many parts of Russia. Therefore, it is very important to take care of your garden pets by carrying out comprehensive preparation of decorative shrubs for winter. If you want to keep the ornamental shrub in good condition, prepare it for winter, observing the necessary rules. Each species has exceptional features, so you need to consider them when doing work.
Recommendations and tips
Preparation of coniferous and evergreen shrubs for winter should begin with abundant watering, which is done in late autumn. Such plants quickly evaporate moisture accumulated on leaves and needles. In winter, evergreen shrubs need water, which they get from the soil with the help of roots. Note that frozen ground does not have enough moisture.
To prepare the plant for winter, you will need tillage, otherwise the ornamental shrub will dry out and lose its attractive appearance.
Plant and soil care is carried out in several stages:
- The root neck of a young seedling is covered with bark, sawdust and shavings.
- The aboveground parts of the shrubs are covered with straw, burlap or spruce branches.
- Shelter of the plant is carried out at a temperature close to zero.
- Airborne materials are used to prepare for winter.
Coniferous and evergreen shrubs can not be covered with a film, since it can create favorable conditions for the development of fungal diseases and the appearance of gray mold. Winter preparations for young plants planted this year should be carried out with great care. The first wintering is very important, because it affects the further development of ornamental shrubs. If the preparation was done correctly, the root system will strengthen.
In the next seasons, you can not shelter her from the cold, as the plantings will grow and become more stable.
When caring for coniferous and evergreen shrubs, dachadecor.ru advises you to consider the following nuances:
- Some plant species are more susceptible to wind and snow than cold.
- The columnar forms of cypress and juniper are tied with a rope.
- In early spring, snow should be swept away from the seedlings so that mold does not appear on them.
- Ornamental plants in the spring can be sprayed with foundationazole to protect them from fungi.
- If frost continues after winter, the plants must be covered, otherwise young growths will be damaged.
Evergreen shrubs need a garter so that they do not get snow. Crohn needs to be tied with twine to protect the plant from the negative effects of the environment in the cold season.
Conifers - getting ready for winter (video)
Features of various shrubs and site maintenance
Heat-loving plants (for example, Syrian hibiscus, buddley, rhododendrons) need special shelter for the winter. For these purposes, you can use foliage, spruce branches or non-woven materials. If the landscape design of the site includes other ornamental shrubs, they must also be processed and prepared for the cold season. From hedges (for example, an evergreen boxwood) and shorn figures, precipitation after heavy snowfalls must be removed.
Sculptures must be placed in wooden boxes that you can design yourself. To make such a product, you need to put together wooden blocks and sheathe them with plastic wrap. Small statues can simply be covered with tarpaulin for the winter. Lamps, stones and other decorative elements are best stored at home until spring. Ceramics should be coated with wax to keep its appearance in good condition.
It is important to consider the following points when preparing for winter:
- Ornamental plants cannot be covered before the end of October or beginning of November.
- In warm weather, the shrubs vanish, so they need to be prepared for wintering during the cold snap.
- Shelter foliage is done in dry weather.
- In herbaceous plants, the aerial part dies in the fall.
- Shrubs with brittle shoots are most difficult to shelter.
Deciduous rhododendrons do not need shelter for the winter, as they are resistant to frost. In spring, the soil under them does not need to be watered with warm water, since these plants are quite unpretentious and require minimal maintenance. Decorative types of forsythia, actinidia, varietal chubushniki without fail undergo shelter. Evergreen rhododendrons need to be placed in special frames made of wooden boxes or boards. Shelter from above is supplemented with moisture-proof materials. These measures are necessary to preserve the brittle shoots of ornamental shrubs.
For each type of plant, the appropriate fertilizer is selected:
- cinquefoil - phosphorus and potash fertilizers;
- buddler, weigel, action - mineral fertilizing;
- moss, three-bladed almonds - phosphorus and complex;
- boxwood, tamarix - a mixture of compost and horse manure;
- mumps - a little rotten compost;
- tree peony - a mixture of wood ash, mineral fertilizers, manure and compost.
The soil also needs to be prepared for the winter: it should be loose, well-groomed, good air permeability. Naturally, unnecessary weeds must first be removed, uprooted. In spring, shrubs can be treated with complex fertilizers (for example, azophos or nitroammophos). If you follow all the rules during the preparation of plants for wintering, you will be able to keep the ornamental shrubs in excellent condition. The main thing is to strictly follow the recommendations and take into account the features of specific types.