Decorative conifers have long been very fond of domestic owners of household plots and garden plots due to their unpretentiousness and the ability to complete the design of a summer residence in almost any style. In recent years, rare varieties of conifers and unusual species that do not require special attention are increasingly used in landscaping parks or landscape decoration on the site.
Coniferous plants for the garden in landscaping
In order to choose the best option for green decoration for a garden or homestead, you need to decide what goals it is supposed to accomplish when growing, and also take into account the botanical features of the culture. Large conifers, creeping plants and shrubs can be used:
- when creating mixborders;
- in the design of rock gardens and rockeries;
- in solitary and group landings;
- as the original hedge.
It should be remembered that conifers cannot grow and develop well if a deciduous tree such as bird cherry or birch is planted nearby. In small territories, preference should be given to low-growing crops. Pine and cedar should not be planted next to spruce and fir, and larch trees should be planted separately on the territory.
Ephedra in the garden: name and characteristics
Experienced landscape designers are very familiar with the features of the use of conifers in the creation of decorative compositions. The main condition for the use of such plants is compatibility and proper distribution over the territory.
To the category of the most popular and unpretentious tall plants, widely used in landscape design, The following types include:
- Prickly spruce "Hupsi" with thick needles having an attractive silver-blue color. A feature is the ability to easily tolerate adverse external conditions;
- Three meter Juniper "Skyrocket"having a classic conical shape of a crown and needles with a blue tint;
- Shady enough Western thuja Perfectly suitable for decorating a hedge and easily tolerating a shaping haircut;
- Unpretentious pine "Pinkus Silvestris" with a very characteristic colony-like structure and a straight stem part;
- Not too tall and light-loving ordinary plant pine "Waterreri" It has an attractive spherical twisted shape and is perfectly adapted to the southern climate.
Tall conifers can be used as a background for other ornamental crops or, if necessary, create shading in a specific area. Such instances are very often used in the design of hedges.
Conifers on the site (video)
Mid-sized varieties of conifers
The names of the most unpretentious medium-sized conifers are well known to most owners of suburban real estate:
- mountain pine varieties "Pinus Mugo" forms a two-meter spreading bush with dark green needles and has an average annual growth of 20-40 cm. An excellent option for planting on well-lit edges and creating a background composition;
- classic thuja varieties "Rheingold" with a wide openwork cone and yellowish-reddish-green needles;
- relatively new thuja variety "Zmatlik" with a narrow dark green cone and a fairly slow growth rate;
- sprawling grade pine "Fukai"possessing greenish-blue needles with separate bundles of yellowish needles;
- popular for its size and furry grade pine "Waterery" has a wide and attractive crown, but may have problems caused by winter burning and fungal infections;
- yew "Wintergold" It is a sprawling tree with yellowish-green needles and is perfect for decorating the edges.
Equally popular in landscape design are spruce "Konika", golden yew and spherical thuja "Globosa". Such ornamental plants are very successfully complemented by stunted conifers, and it is these compositions that look great at almost any end of the infield.
Low, weeping and creeping species of conifers
In the design of the personal landscape in recent years, plants with a weeping crown, which are look perfect in tapeworm plantings or are used as a frame for tall varieties:
- weeping larch any variety with green and relatively dense needles, requiring corrective pruning, which will prevent the branches from boiling out on the ground;
- one of the best semi-weeping larch varieties "Pit Van Geet" with bluish-green needles and a wide crown, which needs regular and regular pruning of the forming type;
- pine "Pendula" with a very weeping crown, requiring careful trimming, and very decorative needles;
- weeping form of spruce European "Inversa" belongs to the category of popular structural classic varieties that do not require significant care;
- dwarf Canadian spruce "Laurin" with a narrow-conical crown shape with a height of not more than 40 cm with an annual growth of 1.5-2.0 cm;
- spherical canadian spruce "Echiniformis"reaching a height of about 30 cm in adulthood;
- dwarf nest-shaped prickly spruce varieties "Nidiformis" has a flattened, depressed peak, the growth of which is much lower than the growth of lateral shoots.
What conifers are best planted in the country (video)
Among dwarf firs, Korean is especially popular. "Tundra" and balsamic "Nana". Mountain pine forms are no less demanded "Gnom," "Mops," and "Ophir." Most dwarf conifers are photophilous and need a sufficient sunny location, since shading of the lower branches occurs. However, in too open areas, such crops often suffer from a lack of moisture and sunburn, so it is recommended to pay attention to regular irrigation and spring shading.
Popular shade-tolerant conifers
Unpretentious shade-tolerant conifers winter without shelter and do not freeze at all under the influence of severe frosts, do not sunbathe in the spring sun, tolerate dry periods easily, and also grow and develop well on any soil, except for very marshy soils. The most popular shade-tolerant and unpretentious conifers include:
- very resistant to negative external influences golden Juniper "Old Gold", up to two meters high, with a yellowish-bronze staining of needles, which persists throughout the winter period;
- unpretentious horizontal juniper varieties "Andorra Compact" with a pillow-shaped crown, the height of which does not exceed 30-40 cm with a diameter of up to a meter. The plant has a small, scaly, bluish-gray-green needles, which in winter acquires a slightly purple hue;
- horizontal Juniper "Blue Chip" refers to the number of ground cover shrubs that are widely used in the design of small rocky gardens. It has a height of aboveground parts of 20-30 cm with a diameter of one and a half meters. It features silver-blue needles;
- ground cover juniper variety "Wilton" reaches a height of 15 cm with a width of a couple of meters or more. The needles have a silver-blue color. The variety is grown in container culture, and also harmoniously looks in rocky gardens;
- tight undersized Juniper "Prince of Wales" 20 cm high and a couple of meters wide have scaly, dense, bluish-green needles, grows well in sunny areas and in shading;
- mountain pine "Ophir" possesses a surprisingly regular and round, sometimes slightly spreading crown with a diameter of up to a meter;
- ordinary spruce "Barryi" It is a strong and slowly growing semi-dwarf form with a rounded crown, shiny dark green needles and orange-brown young shoots.
Shade-tolerant conifers are especially relevant when grown along fences and buildings on a personal plot.
Unusual decorative conifers
To create a unique and stylish decor for a garden or garden area, You can use unusual varieties of conifers:
- very slowly growing semi-dwarf spruce "Glauca Globosa" in adulthood grows up to three meters and has a round and dense above-ground part with silver-blue, thick, prickly needles and short shoots that are resistant even to city smoke and car soot;
- in rockeries and small group compositions, a unique nest-shaped dwarf form can be planted ordinary spruce "Nidiformis"having a dense cushion-shaped crown, represented by shoots that "fan out" from the center;
- inverted weeping form ate "Inversion" has a very narrow and uneven crown of almost vertically flowing shoots, as a result of which the lower branches are beautifully located on the surface of the earth, decorating it with thick, dark green and shiny needles.
Shade-tolerant tsuga Canadian and microbiota from the cypress family also look very unusual in the homestead landscape.
Types and varieties of spruce (video)
When creating plant compositions, it should be remembered that almost all conifers are harmoniously complemented by a variety of ground cover plants, including saxifrage, shaving, borage, and can also be combined with red-leaf varieties of barberry, which allows you to get the most effective contrast.