At the end of the twentieth century, a breeder from England, David Austin, bred peony roses. They got their name because their buds look like peonies. Currently, they are becoming more popular. Florists are appreciated for their unpretentiousness, rapid growth and high disease resistance.
Peony roses, also called Austin roses or roses, are widely used for landscaping gardens and parks of various styles, when creating wedding bouquets and as a decoration for decorating halls for celebrations. They fascinated even needlewomen with their form; it is they who are most often made from new-fashioned Thomas material.
Differences from other groups
At the moment, English roses are not singled out in a separate group, according to the international classification they should be attributed to scrubs, that is, to bush roses. The following features distinguish them from other varieties and species:
- rosette or cup-shaped form of inflorescence.
- very strong aroma, which has the ability to intensify in cloudy weather.
- fast growth, in a short time they are able to form real thickets.
- rootstock rootstock never gives wild growth.
Also, peony roses are very rarely damaged by pests and have high disease resistance.
The best varieties of roses by David Austin (video)
Now about 200 varieties of these roses are already registered. But even the most winter-hardy of them require additional shelter for the winter. The table shows the varieties that can be successfully grown in central Russia.
All of the above varieties are perfectly combined with each other and will look harmonious even within the same area.
How to choose quality seedlings
It is best to buy rose seedlings in early April, with an earlier purchase, there may be a problem when storing them. So, what a quality rose seedling in a box should look like:
- the kidneys should be in a sleeping state;
- green shoots should be absent;
- the bark should be green and healthy looking;
- there should be no faults at the vaccination site.
In cases where a seedling with an open root system is purchased, it should be dug recently. Its roots should be carefully examined. They must be soft and elastic.
Care for rose bushes
In order for the remnants to please with abundant flowering, appropriate care should be taken for them.
We plant correctly
The success of their further cultivation depends on how correctly and correctly planted bushes were planted. The width of the pit for landing should be at least 1 meter, and its depth not less than 50 cm. Well-rotted manure or compost is poured at its bottom. To prevent further freezing of roses when planting, they are buried by 10-15 cm.
Most peony roses are rather shade-tolerant, so shady places are also suitable for planting them. The main thing is that the sun gets there at least 3-4 hours a day. Bushes are planted in the form of a triangle, the distance between them should be about 50 cm.
Water the rests as necessary. The norm of water consumption for one bush is about 5 liters for bush varieties and 10-15 liters for climbing. Watering roses is best in the evening.
To bloom was plentiful and long, roses need to be fed. The first fertilizer is produced in early spring, for these purposes you can use a special complex fertilizer for roses, breed and use it according to the attached instructions. The second in a period of intensive growth in early summer. And the third in the bud formation phase, at this time it is advisable to use fertilizer with a high content of phosphorus and potassium. At the end of summer, top dressing is stopped so that the shoots of roses have time to ripen and prepare for winter.
In order for the bush of roses to be lush, they must be cut. Do it in the spring, immediately after removing the shelter. All dry and blackened shoots are carefully cut out on plants, and I cut off healthy branches 1/3 of their length. When growing roses as a border crop, they are cut to a height of not more than 60 cm.
When growing the remains in central Russia for the winter, they will need to be covered. For this, after the onset of a steady cooling, the remaining leaves are removed from them and green, not ripened shoots are cut out. If climbing varieties were grown, then their shoots are bent to the ground and fixed. Further, their stems are covered with a layer of sawdust or straw. And on top they cover with spruce branches, non-woven material or a plastic container.
Peony roses: growing and care (video)
Propagation of roses
The remains can be propagated as well as all other groups of roses:
The best time for grafting is August. For these purposes, ripened but not yet lignified branches are cut from the bushes and cuttings with three pairs of leaves are cut from them. Before landing, the two lower pairs are removed.
Next, prepare a place for planting cuttings. For these purposes, a shady place is suitable, it is possible under trees or bushes of other plants. The site intended for landing is dug up and humus is introduced there. Cuttings are planted at a distance of 20 cm from each other and covered with cut plastic bottles, from the neck of which the cork is previously unscrewed.
A section with cuttings is watered and left until the onset of winter. In the spring, they will start to grow and begin to build up shoots. After that, they can be planted or left for further growing for another year.
Propagation by layering
Propagation of roses by layering begins in the second half of summer. To do this, choose long and healthy shoots, on the bottom of which a cut. Then they are fixed with a wooden stud on the surface of the soil and sprinkled with earth. Usually, by the spring of next year, an adult plant with its own root system grows from the layer.which can already be sedimented.
This method of reproduction is widespread enough, but it is quite difficult to use it without special skills. It requires high precision and must be performed very carefully.
For vaccination, a T-shaped incision is made on the branch, into which a peephole with a kidney from the desired rose variety is inserted. A properly implanted kidney immediately gets the opportunity to eat from the mother plant. This method of reproduction is most often used in specialized rose farms, where it is performed by specially trained employees.
The use of peony roses in landscape design
English roses can be used both to create a rose garden, and to include them in the flower garden with other perennials and annuals. Tall varieties are great for creating hedges and vertical landscaping. They blend perfectly with delphinium and digitalis.
Varieties with an average bush height can be successfully combined with phlox, aconite, Veronica and sage. The foreground can be decorated with undersized varieties. They can also be combined with other groups of roses, for example with tea-hybrid. For these purposes, it is best to use large-flowered tall varieties such as Augustine Louise.
So that the plantings of roses do not look empty during the spring period, spring blooming bulbs, for example, tulips, crocuses, muscari, hyacinths, daffodils, can be planted in their place. For later flowering, peonies can be used. English roses can be grown with great success as a container culture.
How to save roses before planting (video)
David Austin's roses have very high decorative qualities and are distinguished by their unpretentiousness. The possibilities of their use in garden design and in the preparation of bouquets are simply endless. The beauty of their flowers is difficult to resist even for a person not experienced in floriculture.