Mushrooms growing on the bark of trees or on stumps have different morphologies and can be assigned to different botanical categories. And if the symbiosis of the fungus and the tree by mushroom pickers is perceived quite calmly, including the honey agaric parasitizing on fallen trees, then other types of mushrooms growing on the trunk are most often a priori classified as inedible by "quiet hunt" lovers. Nevertheless, many parasitic mushrooms that grow on trees are not poisonous, but very edible and have quite decent taste and fruiting bodies with high nutritional value.
According to the data, there are not too many edible varieties of wood mushrooms, but some of them are well known to mushroom pickers and are quite deservedly popular due to their taste and nutrition.
Among the fungi that parasitize on a tree, a significant part of the species is inedible and poisonous, and their fruiting bodies can cause significant harm to health and are life-threatening. Even fruit bodies that look delicious and have a pleasant mushroom aroma cannot be harvested. Nevertheless, it is very important to know which wood medicinal mushrooms can be collected in the natural zone, how their therapeutic effect is manifested, and also what preparations from such fruiting bodies are obtained.
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Currently, the medicinal properties of several varieties of mushrooms are known, the mycelium of which, growing together with wood, forms fruiting bodies with healing qualities. Many mushroom pickers very actively collect such mushrooms and make medicines with their own hands.
Effect on bark and roots
Infection with parasitic fungi most often affects the trunks of old trees, which with age are able to lose the ability to form a wound core that protects the plant from the penetration of fungal spores. The wood-destroying fungus causes great damage not only to forest, but also to fruit plantations in personal plots.
Parasitic mushrooms most often affect poplars, oaks, willow, linden and birch, as well as cedar plantings, pine, walnut wood, maples and chestnuts. Somewhat less often, larch and spruce wood is affected. The development of mycelium of tinder fungi on a walnut may be observed. As a result of this relationship, red-brown destructive stem rot and red-brown prismatic sound rot are formed.
Mostly the sound parts of the trunks are affected. Some fungi, which are called parasites, suck nutrients necessary for vital functions from the roots of the tree through special threads. Mushroom parasite can have a variety of colors.: grayish-white, dark brown, orange and even blue-black, but the destructive role of such species is obvious. The plant has been supplying parasite mushrooms with nutrition for a long time, after which it dies. However, it is the tinder workers who perform the function of forest orderlies and not only decompose old and diseased wood, but also enrich the forest soil with basic nutrients.
Among the listed edible mushrooms, some have quite decent taste. Woody species of edible mushrooms, as well as fruiting bodies growing on soil, are rich in proteins and amino acids.that allows you to put them on the consumer and nutritional qualities on a par with meat and fish. The balance of the chemical composition of the mushroom pulp is also highly appreciated. From the fruiting bodies of tree mushrooms, you can cook many tasty and healthy dishes. Such mushrooms are used fresh for cooking, frying or stewing. They can be frozen and dried, as well as used for canning.
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However, it is necessary to take into account the specifics of eating such fruiting bodies. For example, the conditionally edible fungus tinder fungus sulfur-yellow, grown on deciduous trees, can be used for food purposes only at a young age. Older, overgrown specimens may have hallucinatory effects or cause sufficiently severe food poisoning. It is also important to note that fruiting bodies of fungi growing on coniferous wood and old, already decaying specimens have the greatest toxicity.