Melon cultivation is a serious and responsible event that requires certain knowledge and skills. Optimally suited for the cultivation of melons and gourds Rostov and Volgograd regions, as well as the Krasnodar Territory and the territory of Crimea, where the culture grows well in open ground.
However, in the middle lane of our country and more northern regions there is also the opportunity to grow a decent melon crop with the right variety and observing the cultivation technology of this heat-loving popular culture.
Grade Selection Rules
How many gardeners and melon growers, so many opinions about which variety is the most productive and best. However, absolutely all amateur vegetable growers try to plant not only high-yielding, but also unpretentious varieties and hybrid melon forms on the plot, which are sufficiently resistant to diseases and other adverse external factors, including temperature changes.
It is possible to grow such a melon culture as melon in seedlings and seedlings. It should be remembered that properly grown, high-quality seedlings, allows you to get an earlier and higher yield, which is especially important when cultivating plants in regions with unstable climatic conditions.
The technology of growing seedlings of melon:
- it is desirable to plant prepared seeds in special peat seedling pots, so that it is not necessary to remove the plant from the tank during transplantation and the risk of injury to the plant will be minimal;
- in the middle zone of our country, seeds for seedlings are recommended to be sown in the last ten days of April, which will make it possible to obtain the most strong and high quality seedlings by June;
- for growing seedlings, you should use ready-made soil intended for gourds, or independently prepared on the basis of an equal ratio of humus, peat, coarse sand and garden soil with the addition of complex fertilizers.
Melon cultivation: formation (video)
Caring for melon seedlings is not difficult, it is enough to provide young plants with good lighting, stable warm watering, and also maintain daytime temperatures at 20-22 ° C.
The average period of growing high-quality seedlings is approximately 31-35 days, so it does not make sense to grow gourds at home for a longer time, since in this case it can be observed that the seedlings have extended and become weak. Such seedlings poorly take root in a constant place and adapt for too long.
Germination of seeds and their pre-sowing treatment are a prerequisite for growing melons. The seed is disinfected in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. Germinated sorted and disinfected seeds should be on a damp cloth at room temperature. When conducting direct sowing in the soil, the following recommendations should be considered:
- for planting and growing, it is recommended to choose the most lit, but closed from drafts and cold wind;
- Before sowing, you should dig the area onto the bayonet of a shovel and add about five kilograms of humus or semi-rotted manure per meter of planting area;
- the soil in the area allotted for melon by the time of sowing work must necessarily warm up to a temperature of 12-13 ° C .;
- the best predecessors are potatoes, any kind of cabbage, as well as leguminous garden crops.
Seed should be buried by 4-5 cm, placing a pair of seeds in each planting hole. A very good result can be obtained when a nitrofoska or any other nitrogen-containing fertilizer is added to the landing well of a teaspoon. It should be noted that the planting pattern depends on varietal characteristics, but most often experienced vegetable growers are guided by indicators of 140 X 60 - 70 cm between rows and 50 to 80 cm between holes. Crops need shelter for the first couple of weeks with film or non-woven acrylic fiber.
What and when to feed
To obtain a high and high-quality crop, the melon crop should be fed with high-grade fertilizers several times during the growing season. A couple of weeks after transplanting seedlings to a permanent place, fertilizing with a solution based on 20 g of ammonium nitrate diluted in a bucket of warm water is carried out. For each bush, a couple of liters of such fertilizing is consumed.
In the phase of bud formation, the second fertilizing of plants is made with a mullein solution diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10. The third feeding should be carried out with a solution based on 30 g of ammonium sulfate, 50 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium salt, dissolved in a bucket of warm water. The use of melon dressing is obviousa - fertilizers not only increase the yield and quality of fruits, but also positively affect the immunity of plants, reducing the risk of disease or damage by pests.
When growing melons in a homestead economy, it is very important to correctly form and pinch the stems, as well as remove the extra ovaries. With proper care, the plants grow very actively, so the growth point must be removed after the appearance of the fifth leaf. No more than two ovaries should be left on each lash. Fruits placed in the middle of the net should be suspended from the trellis using strong twine.
Healthy and strong, properly grown melons, rarely infect diseases and attack plant parasites. Nonetheless, It is recommended to carry out systematic inspections of landings to identify:
- powdery mildew, which appears on the stems and leaves of plants in the form of whitish spots, eventually covering the entire surface and acquiring a characteristic brown color;
- peronosporosis, characterized by the appearance of yellowish-green spots on the foliage, rapidly increasing in size;
- Fusarium wilt, most often affecting mid-ripening and late-ripening varieties, as a result of which there is a decrease in the level of yield and quality of fruits;
- anthracnose, which manifests itself in the form of roundish and brownish or pinkish spots on the foliage, which, as they develop, greatly increase in size;
- melon aphids that accumulate on the underside of foliage and feed on the plant juices of melons.
Melons: growing and caring (video)
Diseases and pests often cause not only a decrease in yield, but also the death of the crop, and that is why it is necessary to seriously monitor the condition of plants, carrying out timely treatment with folk remedies or chemical preparations.