Damask rose (Rósa damascena), is a perennial shrub plant of the species Gallicanae from the genus Rosehip and the family of Pink. This plant is well established in cosmetology. Many people know the “Black Pearl” double anti-aging face cream from the “Bio-program” series, which contains a damask rose extract that has a truly magical effect on the skin.
Rósa damascena is a perennial branchy bush up to one and a half meters high. The stem part is thickened, and the shoots are covered with different types of spines. Some varieties are characterized by the presence of very strong, slightly flattened, hook-like thorns of reddish staining. There are varieties with bristle-like studs. The leaves are large, ovoid or lanceolate, town-like type.
The inflorescence is semi-umbrella or multi-flowered, paniculate type. Flowers are large in size, with a diameter of 5.5-7.0 cm. Pedicels are glandular, bristly, and their length can reach 2.5-3.0 cm. According to the botanical description, the color of the petals can vary from pale pink to pronounced pink. Fruits are pear-shaped, red, with a smooth surface. Flowering occurs in the middle of summer.
Damask rose: features of growing (video)
Damask roses are famous for their very strong and pronounced aroma, due to which varieties of this particular type are used to produce rose oil. Currently, in the conditions of home gardening, several of the most interesting and relatively unpretentious varieties are grown.
Dates and rules of landing
It is very important to make the right choice of land for planting a damask rose. The decorative beautifully flowering shrub does not tolerate the scorching sunlight and can wither under their influence. Nonetheless, shaded areas cannot be distinguished for a damask rose either, since in the absence of sufficient illumination a plant may be affected by powdery mildew, as well as other fungal diseases. In addition, when grown in the shade, flowering is almost completely absent.
Thus, the plot for cultivating a damask rose should be fairly even, well lit by the sun, with no drafts and strong winds, without shadowing by large trees or tall bushes.
The technology for planting Damask rose seedlings is as follows:
- the soil should be fertile, optimal areas represented by chernozem or loam with sufficient looseness;
- planting rose bushes of this species is necessary in the spring, when the soil is heated to a temperature of 15-16 ° C;
- in regions with a mild climate and optimal soil composition, planting of a damask rose in the last ten days of September is allowed;
- it is necessary to prepare in advance landing pits with a diameter of 35-60 cm;
- at the bottom of each landing pit should be filled with a nutrient mixture based on humus, humus and mineral fertilizers mixed with fertile soil;
- the root neck of the seedling should be deepened by about 4.0-5.0 cm.
The root system filled with soil should be abundantly watered, and then it is necessary to mulch the soil with sawdust or peat moss.
Reviews and recommendations
Rósa Damascena is the real queen of the Persian or Arab garden areas and is one of the most fragrant plants in the Old Garden. Some varieties of this fragrant rose appeared in the sixteenth century.
The plant has never been especially popular with amateur gardeners, which is due to thin arched stems, rather dull foliage and weak rose peduncles, poorly holding flowers. Of all the varieties are most often found in garden decor "Celsiana", "Blush Damask" and "Blush Gallica", which successfully combine relative unpretentiousness and very decorative appearance.
How to plant a rose (video)
According to the reviews of experienced gardeners, in order to simplify the care of Damask roses, it is necessary to form a bush in the first year after planting seedlings in a permanent place. In this case, in subsequent years it will be sufficient to carry out only sanitary pruning three times per season, and the ornamental shrub will delight with abundant and lush flowering for many years.